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Comment faire un garrot ?

How to make a tourniquet?

In the event of a serious domestic accident, it is important to master certain first aid procedures. Among them is the creation of a tourniquet . This device is vital to stop a possible hemorrhage in a limb. But how to carry out this operation correctly? Manual.

tourniquet tourniquet use

Definition of tourniquet

The tourniquet is an emergency medical operation performed in the event of an injury causing external bleeding . Applying a tourniquet helps limit bleeding while waiting for emergency services to intervene. Tourniquets can come in several forms including the tie tourniquet and the tourniquet . Some of them are carried out by doctors and others by workplace first aiders.

Among the types of tourniquet requiring the intervention of a professional, we can cite:

  • the automatic tourniquet : it slows the blood flow inside the veins in order to simplify blood sampling;
  • the elastic tourniquet : this is a flexible latex strip which also serves to limit the flow in the event of hemorrhage;
  • the pneumatic tourniquet : it is used by surgeons in cases of open wounds.
Care kit with tourniquet

Applying a tourniquet can help save lives every day. This is why tactical tourniquets with a tourniquet were designed for the general public in the event of an emergency situation. These models can be stored in first aid kits to be used when needed. They require no first aid training and are immediately ready for use. The military also uses these tourniquets in the event of a serious accident on the ground.

Discover our article on the equipment to include in your military survival bag !

When should a tourniquet be made?

The application of a tourniquet must meet several criteria. Remember that this intervention helps reduce blood loss over a short period of time . It must therefore be done in extreme emergency cases. This is what happens, for example, when the victim is bleeding profusely and the wound continues to open despite manual compressions.

An open wound can give rise to three types of hemorrhage:

  • Venous hemorrhages are recognized by dark red blood. Amputation may be necessary in the most serious cases;
  • Capillary hemorrhages pose no great danger to the victim. Bleeding can be stopped using a bandage and pressure dressing;
  • arterial hemorrhages are distinguished by ruddy red blood. The latter tends to exit via an artery.

Using a tourniquet

When to apply a medical tourniquet?

Applying a medical tourniquet becomes essential in one of these situations:

  • manual compression does not stop the flow of blood;
  • the victim suffers from another serious symptom (cardiac arrest, difficulty breathing, etc.);
  • the wound has infection by a foreign body;
  • a limb is crushed or amputated, which complicates local compression;
  • there are several victims to take care of at once.
First aid tourniquet

A gesture that can save lives

When performed correctly, tourniquet application is harmless to the victim. However, complications can arise in the event of clumsiness. If you want to sharpen your first aid skills, you should find out about the various training courses available from the Red Cross. To become a volunteer, you will need to complete the PSE1 and PSE2 training courses. If you want to make first aid your profession, the trainers will give you PSC1 training.

If you don't know how to make a tourniquet or are in shock during an emergency, just apply extra force on the wound. In this regard, it is recommended to use absorbent linen like towels and clothing. Don't forget to contact emergency services afterwards. This way you can save lives!

Alternative to the tourniquet

Blood loss: where to make the tourniquet?

For the tourniquet to be effective, it is strongly recommended not to place it on the wound or at the joint. While waiting for help to arrive, the tourniquet must be made a few centimeters above the injury, between the wound and the heart. In this way, the blood that comes from the heart will not be able to escape. According to trainers, tourniquets should not be used if the hemorrhage is coming from the head or torso.

Man applying a tourniquet

Procedures for applying a tourniquet

If you are faced with someone who has an open wound, the first thing to do is to stay calm. In the event of trauma, you risk transmitting negative waves to the victim. Now that you are perfectly calm, you will need to lay the victim down. Then try to locate the source of the bleeding. To limit blood loss, apply pressure on it using a compress.

If the victim is conscious, initiate a discussion with them so that they forget the pain. The objective is to ensure that she does not pass out. The next reflex to have is to contact the emergency services and provide them with as much information as possible about the circumstances of the accident. The person on the other end of the line will also be able to provide you with additional advice regarding tourniquet application. In introductory first aid courses, trainers suggest the tourniquet as an emergency tourniquet.

Make a tourniquet

To achieve this, here are the procedures to follow:

  • take the tourniquet link and install it above the wound;
  • make two turns around the limb before tying a first knot;
  • once the knot is securely tightened, install a rigid rod on it before making a second then a third knot;
  • all that remains is to rotate the rod on itself until the bleeding stops;
  • cover everything with a bandage and a plaster, if there is medical equipment nearby;
  • wait for help to arrive. In the meantime, place the victim warm.

Some precautionary measures to take

Helping someone using a tourniquet is not a trivial action. If the tourniquet is too tight, the victim risks paralysis of the limbs . Once you have provided first aid, remember to note the time during which you applied the tourniquet. First responders will need this information once they arrive on scene.

Making a tourniquet in the army

If you detect the presence of a foreign body in the wound, apply the tourniquet without removing it. The rescue teams will then take over. Now that you are well trained in these first aid actions, it's up to you to apply them in an emergency!

Discover our article on the top 10 equipment to include in a military first aid kit .

Previous article Top 10 equipment not to forget in your military first aid kit

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