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Les équipements du Bivouac militaire

Military Bivouac: what equipment is essential?

If you want to be complete across the board, you need around 15 items with you for a foolproof military bivouac .

It may seem like a lot, but once stored in your military backpack it fits, the team has tested it for you (capacity of 45L minimum).

The importance of equipment for a good military bivouac

For a successful military bivouac , here is a list of essential equipment:

1. The tent or survival shelter

The survival tent or shelter is a temporary shelter to protect yourself from bad weather during a bivouac or a survival situation.

  • The tent is generally lightweight, easy to transport and set up but can be ineffective in extreme weather conditions.
  • The survival shelter is more robust and resistant to extreme weather conditions, but heavier and less easy to transport.

It must be chosen according to the weather conditions and the planned activities.

Survival tent for military bivouac

2. The sleeping bag

The sleeping bag is an essential accessory for a bivouac or a survival situation. It serves to maintain body heat during the night by providing increased thermal insulation.

Sleeping bags come in a variety of sizes, temperature resistances and materials. Goose or duck feather duvets will be different from microfiber and wool duvets, for example.

You must take the ideal sleeping bag according to the weather conditions expected for the bivouac, because an unsuitable sleeping bag can lead to heat loss and a risk of dying from cold or heat.

3.The floor mattress

The ground mattress or the ground sheet are accessories to improve comfort during a bivouac or a survival situation by insulating from the cold and hard ground. The sleeping pad is more comfortable but heavier , while the sleeping mat is lighter and easier to transport .

You must choose according to your needs in terms of comfort, weight and transportability.

4. A quality flashlight

flashlight for military bivouac

A flashlight or headlamp is necessary to see in the dark during a bivouac. The flashlight is small and light , while the headlamp is attached to the forehead and frees your hands.

It is essential to choose a durable, waterproof and easy-to-use lamp with sufficient lighting power. A dynamo lamp could be very useful

5. A good multi-function knife

The multi-function knife is an essential tool for a bivouac or a survival situation. It can be used to cut food, prepare firewood, prune branches, open boxes and bags, and perform other tasks necessary for survival in the wild.

Choosing a multi-function knife that is strong, durable and easy to use , with a good quality stainless steel blade and a comfortable handle is essential.

It is also important to know proper safety techniques to use a multi-purpose knife safely and effectively.

Military knife for bivouac

6. A lighter or stove

Lighters or stove are very important for a bivouac or survivalist situation to start a fire and cook food .

Lighters are compact and lightweight objects for lighting a fire quickly, while stoves are heavier and bulkier but allow you to cook food on a stable support .

It is absolutely necessary to choose a lighter or stove that is reliable and easy to use, with durable and waterproof materials, and which is suitable for the weather conditions expected for the bivouac.

Take a good box of matches as an extra just in case!

It is very important to know the proper safety techniques to start a fire safely and effectively without burning down an entire forest.

Stove equipment for a military bivouac

7. Tableware (plate, cup, fork, spoon)

It's far from being the most important thing, but it does add a little comfort to your bivouac!

Tableware such as plates, cups, forks and spoons are necessary for eating and drinking during a military bivouac.

You should choose plastic or metal items that are light , durable and easy to clean, to avoid carrying unnecessary weight and ending up with broken or damaged dishes.

Taking into account the quantity needs for meals, depending on the number of people and the duration of the bivouac is important.

It is often advisable to have reusable tableware items rather than disposable items to reduce environmental impact and save money in the long run.

8. Non-perishable or vacuum-sealed food

Non-perishable, vacuum-packed food is crucial for survival while bivouacing. You must choose foods rich in nutrients , easy to prepare and durable (military rations for example) .
  • For short-term bivouacs , dried fruits, nuts, cereals, pasta, canned fruits and canned meats may be sufficient.
  • For long-term bivouacs , vacuum-packed foods with a longer shelf life are recommended.

You must take into account the quantity needed for meals and check the expiration dates of foods.

Bivouac equipment military survival ration spread out on a table

9. Drinking water or water filter

Drinking water or a water filter is crucial for a bivouac. For short-term bivouacs, bottled water may be sufficient, but for long-term bivouacs or intense survival situations, a water filter is recommended to purify water from rivers or lakes.

You must take into account the quantity of water required and maintain the water filter regularly.

10. Warm, waterproof clothing

Warm, waterproof clothing is important to protect against cold, wind and rain. Layers of clothing allow for better thermal insulation and flexibility in the face of changing weather conditions.

You must choose quality, durable and comfortable clothing depending on the duration and destination of the bivouac. You can discover our military clothing which can accompany you in all your bivouacs without flinching.

11. A pair of sturdy shoes

Sturdy, comfortable shoes are necessary for bivouacs and survival situations. Choosing shoes adapted to the conditions of the terrain (waterproof for wet conditions, canvas or leather for dry conditions), and offering good support and protection for the feet is very important.

Investing in quality shoes can be beneficial in avoiding foot injuries and pain.

12. A compass and a topographical map

A military compass and topographical map are important for navigation in bivouac and survival situations. The compass helps determine the general direction of magnetic north and the map shows landforms, waterways, roads, etc.

Knowing how to use your military compass correctly is a key point when you go on a bivouac.

Military compass and topographic map for a bivouac

13. First aid or care kit

A first aid kit or a care kit is important for treating minor injuries and blows during bivouacs, you are never safe from getting injured. These may include dressings, antiseptics, painkillers, bandages, medications for allergic reactions, etc.

Knowing how to use the elements of the kit correctly and update them regularly is extremely important. In the event of a serious injury, you must also know how to call for help. so taking a cell phone is very recommended.

14. A mosquito net

The mosquito net is important equipment for military bivouacs, especially in areas where mosquitoes can be very present.

Mosquitoes can transmit diseases such as malaria, dengue fever and yellow fever. A mosquito net can help protect against mosquito bites and maintain a healthy, uninterrupted night's sleep .

Choosing a mosquito net that is easy to install and provides sufficient protection against mosquitoes is important. You must also ensure that the mosquito net is free of holes or cracks to guarantee optimal protection.

Mosquito net for military bivouac in a hammock

15. An umbrella or waterproof poncho

The umbrella and the poncho are important pieces of equipment to protect yourself from rain and storms during bivouacs.

They can help maintain comfort and protect equipment and clothing from water . An umbrella may be easier to carry and more practical for more casual use, while a poncho may be more useful for covering the whole body and backpacks during extended hikes or bivouacs.

A high quality and sturdy umbrella or poncho, easy to set up and waterproof. Ensuring that equipment is easily accessible in the event of sudden rain is also a consideration.


It is essential to prepare yourself during a bivouac outing! Take inventory of your objects, and above all don't forget anything, the error can be fatal. Some items are more important than others, you can also treat yourself by bringing other useful things that you like. Don't forget your cell phone!

Please note: there may be other equipment depending on weather conditions and planned activities.

Collection of Survival equipment SOLDAT.FR
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