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Visite Médicale Militaire

How does a military medical examination take place?

In order to be able to take the French army competition , the candidate or reservist must undergo a military medical examination before an army doctor. This visit aims to assess both the technical skills and the military aptitude of the candidate to occupy a position.

This article presents the process of the medical examination in the army .

What is medical fitness during a military medical examination?

As previously stated, a candidate applying for a military position must pass a complete medical examination by a military doctor. This examination aims to assess one's medical suitability , a key step in the recruitment process in the French army .

How does the military medical examination work?

Medical fitness is determined by satisfying the physical , intellectual and psychological criteria necessary for military service or civil protection , without compromising one's own health or that of others.

The medical fitness decision is based on the following:

  • Medical exam
  • Interviews with psychologists for psychological tests
  • Sports tests (events)

The criteria required in terms of medical aptitude to join the army

The military, regardless of its types, requires personnel with specific skills and a minimum level of health . Any new candidate must meet a minimum health profile, called SIGYCOP , to be able to join the French army. The SIGYCOP is a medical profile that determines a person's fitness to serve in the military. It is made up of seven precise criteria , represented by the letters of the acronym SIGYCOP:

  • S : Shoulder girdle and upper limbs
  • I : Pelvic girdle and lower limbs
  • G : General condition
  • Y : Eyes and vision
  • C : Chromatic sense
  • O : Ears and hearing
  • P : Psychic

After a military medical examination, the military doctor assigns a score from 1 to 6 to each component of the SIGYCOP , and all of the scores form the candidate's medical profile. Depending on the results obtained, the person will be declared fit or unfit for service .

Conduct of the military medical examination in the army

What is the process of the initial army medical examination?

During the recruitment process, all candidates undergo an initial medical assessment in a specialized healthcare practice. This expertise aims to evaluate their general aptitude as well as their specific aptitude for certain jobs , such as parachuting or boarding a vessel of the national navy.

The medical expertise includes a complete medical examination which takes into account the following elements:

  • The BMI (Body Mass Index) is a calculation based on the ratio between the candidate's height and weight, while the waist circumference is a complementary measure to detect possible overweight .
  • An electrocardiogram (EGC) is carried out to detect possible cardiac pathologies, carried out by the military doctor or a cardiologist if necessary .
  • A visual acuity assessment is carried out to assess vision, chromatic and stereoscopic vision, as well as visual correction by an optician for glasses wearers. This assessment is decisive for fighter pilots .
  • A hearing assessment , carried out using audiometry, makes it possible to measure hearing acuity, identify possible disorders and determine hearing limits .
  • Vaccines are also checked during the military medical examination , the candidate must present his vaccination record . The military doctor offers preventive vaccinations against various diseases and infections, such as tetanus, diphtheria, poliomyelitis, measles, meningitis, mumps and rubella, based on the candidate's vaccination record .
  • The lung function assessment is carried out based on the medical questionnaire and the requirements related to the position for which the candidate is applying . If wearing a respiratory protective device is required, a pulmonary function test is performed to measure lung and respiratory volumes to detect possible disorders.

  • A urinalysis and blood test are usually ordered. The blood test makes it possible to determine the blood group , evaluate blood biochemistry (liver function, liver) and screen for possible infections such as HIV, hepatitis B and C. This analysis aims to quickly detect d possible pathologies , take into account the state of health of the person when assessing military aptitude and plan treatment in civilian life. In the event of unusual results, a written communication is sent, accompanied by an invitation to consult a general practitioner if the values ​​are too high.

  • During the medical interview , the military doctor interviews the candidate and performs a complete body examination, including the heart, motor organs, stomach, circulatory system and soft parts. At the end of the assessment, the doctor determines the candidate's medical profile and provides a certificate which summarizes this profile , as well as any ineptitudes (temporary or permanent) for the position concerned.

Military medical examination test exercises

To summarize a military medical examination:

After the examination of the candidate by the military doctor , additional medical tests may be prescribed if necessary . The doctor communicates his conclusions to the candidate and establishes a medical-administrative certificate of aptitude . The candidate receives a copy of the document attesting to his aptitude , signed by the chief doctor of the army medical examination. This document is required for the renewal of the engagement contract in the reserve .

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