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Les meilleures techniques de camouflage militaire

The best military camouflage techniques

Are you going on a survival mission in hostile terrain? Hide yourself from opposing forces with military camouflage ! Military camouflage techniques guarantee you security and discretion in the field.

Military camouflage was born at the dawn of the First World War. Camouflage is used both on soldiers, but also on the equipment used: vehicles, ships, tanks ... Here are the best military camouflage techniques used around the world!

The Ghillie Suit: the artisanal and very effective camouflage technique!

ghillie suit

The Ghillie Suit is a fascinating camouflage technique that appeared in South Africa during the Boer War. It was the English troops who began to make outfits to camouflage themselves in the landscape. However, it was not until the Vietnam War that the Ghillie Suit was truly developed. It consists of a camouflage net with cotton or pieces of string offering a texture similar to vegetation .

The Ghillie Suit is one of the best camouflage techniques for blending into vegetation! Every sniper or soldier experiences it one day... and comes away convinced!

Discover our articles dedicated to the Ghillie Suit:

Broken shape camouflage: the most used

Military broken form camouflage is characterized by two, three or four colors; usually with shades around khaki and brown. This camouflage takes the form of spots on an already colored fabric , beige in color. This type of military camouflage is inherited from German helmets and French military clothing. It is very widely used today for its effectiveness from far away . However, it is useless up close or at short distances, as the spots are easily recognizable.

American camouflage: M81 Woodland

m81 woodland camouflage

The M81 Woodland broken form camouflage appeared during the 1980s in the United States and was used by the American army until 2004. If you are interested in the history of this camouflage, do not miss our article on military camouflage M81 Woodland !

French camouflages: CE Camouflage and Daguet Camouflage

camouflage center europe

The Centre-Europe (CE) camouflage has been used by the French armed forces since 1991. It consists of a four-color pattern of wooden shapes (black, green, brown, beige) designed to camouflage the soldier in a European forest type area . It is a camouflage also used for vehicles with a different variation.

The Central-Europe camouflage will be gradually replaced by the multi-environment variegation , by 2024. The Daguet camouflage , for its part, uses the same shapes, but different shades in order to be used in desert areas . Discover our complete article on Central Europe (CE) camouflage !

The Flecktarn and digital camouflage: computerized and pixelated camouflage

The Flecktarn

camo fleece tarn

Flecktarn camouflage was born in Germany during the Second World War. The Waffen-SS wanted to develop their own camouflage similar to that of the forest, but different from the regular army. Thus, the Flecktarn pattern, called “tree pattern” was created in 1937. It consists of small spots and shapes similar to leaves. This camouflage was a success on the battlefield and was improved in 1944 with a small polka dot pattern.

This type of camouflage was used by the United States Army on the Pacific Front as well as the West German Army during the Cold War. In 1990, after the reunification of Germany, the German army decided to use Flecktarn camouflage.

As in France with the Daguet camouflage, a version of the Flecktarn camouflage was developed to adapt to desert areas: the Wüstentarn camouflage .

Digital camouflage

digital camouflage

Digital camouflage is directly inspired by Flecktarn camouflage. The American armed forces carried out numerous tests using this polka dot camouflage during the 1970s. Finally, it was the Canadian army which developed the first digital camouflage in the 2000s. This digital camouflage, also called pixelated camouflage , was created using computers and satellite images.

The American army in turn develops digital camouflage patterns for each of its armies: the US Marine Corp, the US Navy, the US Army and the US Air Force.

Commercial camouflage: MultiCam camouflage, Multi-Terrain Pattern and Mirage camouflage

multicam camouflage

Commercial camouflages were developed by private companies for public or private armed forces . The 3 most well-known commercial camouflages are MultiCam camouflage , Multi-Terrain Pattern camouflage and Mirage camouflage .

MultiCam camouflage is adopted by the American army. It is in hexachromic shape and can be used on any type of terrain. It was used during the Afghan War. MultiCam camouflage is also used in the United States by private armed forces, including Blackwater Worldwide . Read our article on MultiCam commercial camouflage !

Multi-Terrain Pattern camouflage was developed by the British Army and is very similar to American MultiCam camouflage .

Mirage camouflage , on the other hand, is being developed by the US armed forces and has 5 to 6 colors.

Thermo-optical camouflage: hope for the future of camouflage!

thermo optical camouflage

Still under development, thermo-optical camouflage aims to become the best camouflage technique in the world in the years to come. Indeed, studies have shown that the light reflected by a body is not limited to the visible. Patterned camouflage conceals the presence of a body, but does not eliminate it. Studies on thermo-optical camouflage aim to develop a technique to completely camouflage the body in order to make it truly invisible.

Several thermo-optical camouflage techniques have been developed: optical camouflage , textural camouflage , infrared camouflage and thermal camouflage .

Optical camouflage

Optical camouflage is being developed in US Army laboratories. The idea is to develop a technique allowing the reflection of light from one body to another . Scientific researchers use a process called “X’tal vision” to develop optical camouflage. Despite everything, this camouflage is still not very reliable.

Textural camouflage

Textural camouflage is directly inspired by chameleons and cephalopods like octopuses in an attempt to develop a scientific technique to transform soft robotics . Indeed, these animals can change color as well as texture to imitate their environment in just a few milliseconds. Biomimetic scientists have been developing this technique for several years, but nothing has been presented yet. Despite everything, hope remains present.

Infrared camouflage

Infrared camouflage began to be developed during World War II. Indeed, camouflage in the infrared and ultraviolet electromagnetic spectrum is until now impossible. The Nazis were the first to detect a military application of infrared photography to detect opposing troops. Thus, an industrialist developed a chemical agent with reflective power , Hydron Olive GX, in order to camouflage the Nazis.

The Americans used this camouflage technique again during the Vietnam War by adding reflective dyes to US Army clothing . Subsequently, the M81 Woodland camouflage also incorporated reflective agents. A handicap then appears in arid areas where the addition of reflective agent prevents camouflage.

On the French side, the first uniforms treated against infrared detection were put in place during Operation Daguet in 1990 . Since 2021, the French army has equipped its outfits and vehicles with camouflage with reflective agents to make them completely invisible to infrared rays.

Thermal camouflage

You probably know it, but the human body releases heat radiation visible by thermography. In this method of scientific vision, the warm body (man) appears brighter, different from the darker background. Thus, thermal camouflage uses a technique to camouflage the warm body of the soldier in order to make it closer to the temperature of his environment .

The use of a poncho or even a Ghillie Suit allows you to diffuse another form of heat, but above all to destroy the human form of heat in thermographic vision. Another thermal camouflage technique also exists: the idea is to develop low-emission textiles and paints by incorporating metal particles.

Thermal camouflage is one of the most developed and effective thermo-optical camouflages currently.

Dazzle camouflage (naval camouflage): ship camouflage

dazzling camouflage

Dazzle camouflage , also called naval camouflage, was developed during both World Wars. It was used for warships to protect against submarines thanks to camouflage with geometric shapes in gray or black colors . From time to time, the outlines of another ship were drawn on the hull in order to deceive the enemy: in the distance, with binoculars, it was impossible to tell which ship it was. The Dazzle camouflage comes from the graphic work of British artist Norman Wilkinson .

Dazzle camouflage was used mainly during World War I, less during World War II. Unfortunately, the Dazzle camouflage is now obsolete following the use of maritime radar . It is no longer used at all today.

Next article What is a shade net?

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